Hausa has four consonants which usually alternate in pronunciation depending on the vowel that follows them. Accordingly, one is the lightest one, being very similar to English where the air stream does not produce almost any sound. This alternation is referred to by linguists as palatalization, that is the change of a sound to its … Najdi – spoken in Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Jordon, and Syria by 10 million people. 6. Consonants (28).Punjabi has 28 consonants in total, including 15 stops and affricates, 2 fricatives, 5 nasals, 4 liquids and 2 glides. I expected a disaster. 4) The articulation of the long vowel / Î±:/ in Arabic is similar to the British vowel /Î±:/. /ËuÑ˜ Å« n/ “eyes”, 6) /Äž/ (ghain): the same as the /r/ in French words like “au revoir”, 7) /q/ (ghaaf): simply like /Äž/ but sharper e.g. Thesisleader.com. The tables below describe Khuzestani Arabic vowels and gives the characteristics of them. 24 March 2011 at 6:04pm | IP Logged : Whilst listening to Professor Arguelles excellent recent lecture series on language learning, my interest was piqued by a particular section on phonology in "Success in Foreign Language Learning": "On a phonological level, there are about 200 different phonemes that can be actualised in various human languages, and yet most languages only use about … I'm a bit of a fan of German or Italian, but English, though I know the history, I am not a fan of. The Arabic alphabet, or الأبجدية [el abjadiyya], consists of 28 letters, 25 of which are consonants, and only 3 are vowels: أ [alif] , و [waw] and ي [ya’a] also known as long vowels. Examples 1. hatef / hatif / telephone 2. habat / habat / come down 3. hijra / hijra / emigration 4. harab / harab / escape Reading the table well you will get more information about the characteristics of the Khuzestani Arabic consonants and their different forms. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Two or more consonants at the end of the word: /s/ and /z/ at the end of plural nouns or present tense verbs : books, eats, /t/ and /d/ at the end of verbs in the past tense: wished, /Ɵ/ itself or followed by /s/ in plurals: strength, seventh, breadths, Word boundaries can become a cluster of three, five, or even seven consonants: Best man, long skirt, first stream, tempts strangers. And there's just many more different ways of making an obstruction in your mouth than transforming a sound like that. It is also one of the oldest languages, having existed since the 9 th century BC. If you’re learning Arabic as a second language, you’ll need to learn Modern Standard Arabic. The following list ranks the most common languages by the number of sounds they use. For the analysis, the works by Manhammed Hassan Abdul Rahman, Farheen Javed, Andrzej Kopczynski, Mona M. Hamad as well as linguistic studies across the cultures of Cambridge and Oxford universities and websites of linguistics and pedagogical universities were used. This can be argued to be the only pattern found in most of the world's languages, and perhaps the primary pattern in all of them. Know for its harmonic cadence, Arabic is considered the lingua franca of the Arab world with over 300 million native speakers .In fact, Arabs are defined as a people made up of many different ethnic groups but united by their native language of Arabic. Shah (2007) in an article states that there are over 30 diverse varieties of colloquial Arabic which include: Egyptian – spoken by 46 million people in Egypt and perhaps the most widely understood variety, due to the popularity of Egyptian-made films and TV shows. • Research indicates that for Arabic-speaking children in Jordan, medial consonants have a higher incidence of accuracy than initial or final consonants.5 *Information based on a dialect of Arabic used in Jordan. The language of Allah and Muhammad is spoken by over 200 million people in 28 countries from Africa to the Middle East. document.write("-" + lhs + "-"); I hope that you grow and grow! The first step to learn any language is to start with the alphabet, similarly in Hindi too, we will start with the basics. Arabic is one of the world's most popular languages. Consonants may be voiced or unvoiced. Differentiation in families influences the structure, spelling, grammar, phonology, and morphology of both languages. The Arabic alphabet, or الأبجدية [el abjadiyya], consists of 28 letters, 25 of which are consonants, and only 3 are vowels: أ [alif] , و [waw] and ي [ya’a] also known as long vowels. Lateral: The representatives of this group are articulated with the help of partial mouth closure, leaving the narrow ways for the air stream from the tongue sides. About 341 million people are native English speakers and 267 million use it as a second language in over 104 countries, including the UK, Ireland, Canada, the USA, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, American Samoa, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, Aruba, Barbados, Bahamas, Belize, Botswana, British Indian Ocean Territory, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cameroon, Brunei, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands, and Denmark (Javed, 2013). /p/ as a phoneme in Arabic occurs mostly in dialect as a variation of /b/ that means that learners of standard version do not use it. The classification of consonants looks as follows: According to Kopczynski and Valid M. Amer, the consonants differ also in the manner of articulation: the process of pronunciation may involve the same articulation places but produce still different sounds. In the English language, consonants may follow each other even up to more than seven letters in a row. There are 21 consonant letters in English, for 24 consonant sounds in most English accents. It represents a short vowel i (like the “i” in English “pit”). The “k-like” group is represented by two consonant sounds, the first of which is analoguous to English /k/ while the second one is more of a throat sound. 2) The articulation of the short vowel ‘kasra’/ e / in Arabic is similar to the mid front /e/ in English. These four consonants are transferred from Persian into Khuzestani Arabic. It also represents the consonant w. When Waw is used to represent the long vowel, damma appears above the preceding consonant. Main differences occur in stops, fricatives, nasals, and lateral as Arabic involves more different combinations of speech organs’ patterns for sound creation. Now you can also ask, how then come, that within a language there are still more consonants than vowels? Vowels are different in English. The complementary roles of MSA and colloquial Arabic vary somewhat from country to country. In terms of the number of consonants, Arabic is situated within the average ran ge of 20 and 37 segments (though most languages tend towards 20 to 27 sounds). Unlike English there are two types of vowels in Arabic; 1) short vowels 2) long vowels, 1) Short vowels also known as ‘Harakat’ ÙŽ /a/ Ù / i / Ù /u/ which are merely oral, and used only in teaching texts for guiding the learner 2) Long vowels / Î±: / Ø / i:/ ÙŠ / Å« / Ùˆ which their function is to slightly lengthen the short vowels. Japanese , Spanish , Russian , italian Korean Esperanto or Arabic Star if u like the question please. 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